RFO-SEA
State of the Forest – Regional Summary
Mekong Sub-region

Area: 1,925,000 km²

Population: 236,968,000 (World Bank, 2016)

Annual population growth: 1.06%

VietNam
Regional Forest Area

Total Forest Cover (CCI, 2015) 80,242,960 ha

Current forest cover: 44.25 %

VietNam
Source: CCI Land Cover 2015 (ESA, 2016).
Regional Forest Cover Change Trend
DECREASE
Forest area 2000 (CCI, 2010): 81,600,020 ha
2000-2015:
- 90,471 ha/year
2010-2015:
- 0.1 %/year
Change of forest cover from 2000 to 2015 (CCI, Climate Change Initiative) plantation as in the definition for REDD+
VietNam
Source: Deforestation and reforestation 2000-2015 from CCI Land cover maps. (ESA, 2016)
Forest Area Comparison - Country Data
VietNam VietNam
VietNam
Source: Vietnam: VNForest, Thailand: DNP, Myanmar: MERN, Laos: DoF, Cambodia: FA.
Forest Cover Change Comparison - Country Data
VietNam
Source: Vietnam: VNForest, Thailand: DNP, Myanmar: MERN, Laos: DoF, Cambodia: FA.

Forest land cover in Cambodia duration 1995 - 2015


Unit: 1000 ha
#No Status 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
1 Cropland rainfed 45380 47690 50398 50643 50516
2 Cropland rainfed - Herbaceous cover 5033 5304 5781 6274 6876
3 Cropland rainfed - Tree or shrub cover 380 421 458 479 503
4 Cropland irrigated or post-flooding 8714 8807 8906 8933 8931
5 Mosaic cropland (>50%) / natural vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) ( <50%) 3768 4589 6110 6763 7061
6 Mosaic natural vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) (>50%) / cropland ( <50%) 4099 4874 5729 6184 6281
7 Tree cover broadleaved evergreen closed to open (>15%) 50771 44418 38840 36609 34556
8 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous closed to open (>15%) 26737 25301 24674 24641 24620
9 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous closed (>40%) 9 8 8 8 8
10 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous open (15-40%) 6 6 6 6 6
11 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen closed to open (>15%) 567 530 499 488 482
12 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen closed (>40%) 0 0 0 0 0
13 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
14 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous closed to open (> 15%) 2 1 1 1 1
15 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous closed (>40%) 0 0 0 0 0
16 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
17 Tree cover mixed leaf type (broadleaved and needleleaved) 0 0 0 0 0
18 Mosaic tree and shrub (>50%) / herbaceous cover ( <50%) 19161 21119 22560 22962 23597
19 Mosaic herbaceous cover (>50%) / tree and shrub ( <50%) 20 21 21 18 17
20 Shrubland 3480 4080 2147 1556 1507
21 Shrubland evergreen 2789 3054 3400 3517 3742
22 Shrubland deciduous 0 0 0 0 0
23 Grassland 1153 1164 1072 1086 1178
24 Lichens and mosses 0 0 0 0 0
25 Sparse vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) ( <15%) 3 3 3 3 3
26 Sparse shrub ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
27 Sparse herbaceous cover ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
28 Tree cover flooded fresh or brakish water 27 27 26 25 26
29 Tree cover flooded saline water 428 428 423 420 417
30 Shrub or herbaceous cover flooded fresh/saline/brakish water 4726 5384 6153 6556 6628
31 Urban areas 70 80 96 137 316
32 Bare areas 2 2 3 7 6
33 Consolidated bare areas 1 1 1 1 1
34 Unconsolidated bare areas 15 15 15 15 15
35 Water bodies 3907 3922 3919 3918 3957
36 Permanent snow and ice 0 0 0 0 0
Sum 181250 181250 181250 181250 181250
Source: ESA Climate Change Initiative

Forest land cover in Laos duration 1995 - 2015


Unit: 1000 ha
#No Status 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
1 Cropland rainfed 19809 21096 21665 21943 21906
2 Cropland rainfed - Herbaceous cover 1587 1656 1705 1840 1937
3 Cropland rainfed - Tree or shrub cover 0 0 0 0 0
4 Cropland irrigated or post-flooding 1218 1252 1280 1249 1245
5 Mosaic cropland (>50%) / natural vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) ( <50%) 5920 6323 6714 7094 7170
6 Mosaic natural vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) (>50%) / cropland ( <50%) 8841 9345 9870 10210 10233
7 Tree cover broadleaved evergreen closed to open (>15%) 82892 88253 85333 83051 82877
8 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous closed to open (>15%) 2965 2796 2460 2453 2467
9 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous closed (>40%) 282 285 280 271 267
10 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
11 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen closed to open (>15%) 4811 4954 4906 4862 4855
12 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen closed (>40%) 0 0 0 0 0
13 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
14 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous closed to open (>15%) 1 1 1 1 1
15 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous closed (>40%) 0 0 0 0 0
16 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
17 Tree cover mixed leaf type (broadleaved and needleleaved) 0 0 0 0 0
18 Mosaic tree and shrub (>50%) / herbaceous cover ( <50%) 33852 35170 36786 38161 38618
19 Mosaic herbaceous cover (>50%) / tree and shrub ( <50%) 73 75 82 101 108
20 Shrubland 27629 18704 17664 16864 16366
21 Shrubland evergreen 36591 36516 37628 38158 38073
22 Shrubland deciduous 0 0 0 0 0
23 Grassland 514 537 541 542 536
24 Lichens and mosses 0 0 0 0 0
25 Sparse vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
26 Sparse shrub ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
27 Sparse herbaceous cover ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
28 Tree cover flooded fresh or brakish water 0 0 0 0 0
29 Tree cover flooded saline water 30 36 42 65 65
30 Shrub or herbaceous cover flooded fresh/saline/brakish water 861 850 863 850 860
31 Urban areas 44 48 75 100 157
32 Bare areas 0 0 0 0 0
33 Consolidated bare areas 0 0 0 0 0
34 Unconsolidated bare areas 0 0 0 0 0
35 Water bodies 2081 2104 2105 2188 2260
36 Permanent snow and ice 0 0 0 0 0
Sum 230001 230001 230001 230001 230001
Source: ESA Climate Change Initiative

Forest land cover in Myanmar duration 1995 - 2015


Unit: 1000 ha
#No Status 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
1 Cropland rainfed 137320 139774 141164 141652 141374
2 Cropland rainfed - Herbaceous cover 12392 12776 13104 13277 13340
3 Cropland rainfed - Tree or shrub cover 3 3 3 2 2
4 Cropland irrigated or post-flooding 26044 26308 26667 26796 26692
5 Mosaic cropland (>50%) / natural vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) ( <50%) 12912 13486 14199 14404 14426
6 Mosaic natural vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) (>50%) / cropland ( <50%) 35649 35136 35774 36570 36577
7 Tree cover broadleaved evergreen closed to open (>15%) 146673 159215 156994 156116 156193
8 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous closed to open (>15%) 51129 51373 49508 48083 48115
9 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous closed (>40%) 276 276 275 275 273
10 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
11 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen closed to open (>15%) 52539 53729 53987 53851 53884
12 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen closed (>40%) 0 0 0 0 0
13 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
14 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous closed to open (>15%) 5 5 3 3 3
15 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous closed (>40%) 0 0 0 0 0
16 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
17 Tree cover mixed leaf type (broadleaved and needleleaved) 0 0 0 0 0
18 Mosaic tree and shrub (>50%) / herbaceous cover ( <50%) 72544 75108 78161 80130 80853
19 Mosaic herbaceous cover (>50%) / tree and shrub ( <50%) 369 376 380 384 379
20 Shrubland 58941 38505 33206 31378 30285
21 Shrubland evergreen 53724 54210 56536 56823 56764
22 Shrubland deciduous 8 8 8 8 8
23 Grassland 6574 6401 6322 6417 6423
24 Lichens and mosses 0 0 0 0 0
25 Sparse vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) ( <15%) 7 7 7 8 10
26 Sparse shrub ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
27 Sparse herbaceous cover ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
28 Tree cover flooded fresh or brakish water 2 2 2 2 2
29 Tree cover flooded saline water 4424 4682 4786 4695 4719
30 Shrub or herbaceous cover flooded fresh/saline/brakish water 601 584 599 636 641
31 Urban areas 586 680 789 952 1415
32 Bare areas 5 6 7 9 10
33 Consolidated bare areas 4 4 4 4 4
34 Unconsolidated bare areas 1 1 1 1 1
35 Water bodies 8738 8813 8982 8993 9074
36 Permanent snow and ice 28 28 28 28 28
Sum 681496 681496 681496 681496 681496
Source: ESA Climate Change Initiative

Forest land cover in Thailand duration 1995 - 2015


Unit: 1000 ha
#No Status 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
1 Cropland rainfed 209219 209956 210160 209875 209011
2 Cropland rainfed - Herbaceous cover 38058 38640 38762 38743 38616
3 Cropland rainfed - Tree or shrub cover 108 109 109 109 102
4 Cropland irrigated or post-flooding 30498 30564 30645 30457 30065
5 Mosaic cropland (>50%) / natural vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) ( <50%) 30527 30469 30644 30624 30250
6 Mosaic natural vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) (>50%) / cropland ( <50%) 40728 41401 41648 41716 41461
7 Tree cover broadleaved evergreen closed to open (>15%) 63157 61704 59584 59704 60596
8 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous closed to open (>15%) 12074 11991 11932 11943 12017
9 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous closed (>40%) 49 49 49 49 48
10 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
11 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen closed to open (>15%) 8486 8465 8422 8420 8449
12 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen closed (>40%) 0 0 0 0 0
13 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
14 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous closed to open (>15%) 42 42 45 49 52
15 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous closed (>40%) 0 0 0 0 0
16 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
17 Tree cover mixed leaf type (broadleaved and needleleaved) 0 0 0 0 0
18 Mosaic tree and shrub (>50%) / herbaceous cover ( <50%) 41980 43322 44479 44891 45214
19 Mosaic herbaceous cover (>50%) / tree and shrub ( <50%) 64 71 79 80 73
20 Shrubland 10499 7717 6605 5851 5262
21 Shrubland evergreen 15811 16355 17017 16928 16804
22 Shrubland deciduous 5 5 5 5 5
23 Grassland 1919 1941 1890 1878 1853
24 Lichens and mosses 0 0 0 0 0
25 Sparse vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) ( <15%) 305 305 309 311 312
26 Sparse shrub ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
27 Sparse herbaceous cover ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
28 Tree cover flooded fresh or brakish water 193 203 208 208 212
29 Tree cover flooded saline water 3302 3416 3474 3552 3616
30 Shrub or herbaceous cover flooded fresh/saline/brakish water 115 116 125 129 125
31 Urban areas 1311 1375 2087 2825 4149
32 Bare areas 2 2 2 2 1
33 Consolidated bare areas 0 0 0 0 0
34 Unconsolidated bare areas 0 0 0 0 0
35 Water bodies 7771 8004 7942 7874 7933
36 Permanent snow and ice 0 0 0 0 0
Sum 516223 516223 516223 516223 516223
Source: ESA Climate Change Initiative

Forest land cover in VietNam duration 1995 - 2015


Unit: 1000 ha
#No Status 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
1 Cropland rainfed 51796 53620 54211 54082 53568
2 Cropland rainfed - Herbaceous cover 16254 16729 16928 17093 17193
3 Cropland rainfed - Tree or shrub cover 35 35 39 39 41
4 Cropland irrigated or post-flooding 42846 42936 43029 42757 42117
5 Mosaic cropland (>50%) / natural vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) ( <50%) 17839 19173 19840 20026 20114
6 Mosaic natural vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) (>50%) / cropland ( <50%) 22414 24231 25081 25367 25518
7 Tree cover broadleaved evergreen closed to open (>15%) 91236 84377 80244 79562 78390
8 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous closed to open (>15%) 2819 2793 2712 2708 2709
9 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous closed (>40%) 123 122 122 122 121
10 Tree cover broadleaved deciduous open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
11 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen closed to open (>15%) 8694 8715 8705 8712 8721
12 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen closed (>40%) 0 0 0 0 0
13 Tree cover needleleaved evergreen open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
14 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous closed to open (>15%) 0 0 0 1 1
15 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous closed (>40%) 0 0 0 0 0
16 Tree cover needleleaved deciduous open (15-40%) 0 0 0 0 0
17 Tree cover mixed leaf type (broadleaved and needleleaved) 0 0 0 0 0
18 Mosaic tree and shrub (>50%) / herbaceous cover ( <50%) 19778 21258 22332 22949 23412
19 Mosaic herbaceous cover (>50%) / tree and shrub ( <50%) 57 61 69 73 72
20 Shrubland 15785 14087 13090 12283 12421
21 Shrubland evergreen 27189 28465 29825 29825 29854
22 Shrubland deciduous 11 11 10 8 8
23 Grassland 892 872 868 883 876
24 Lichens and mosses 0 0 0 0 0
25 Sparse vegetation (tree/shrub/herbaceous cover) ( <15%) 65 65 64 65 65
26 Sparse shrub ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
27 Sparse herbaceous cover ( <15%) 0 0 0 0 0
28 Tree cover flooded fresh or brakish water 0 0 0 0 0
29 Tree cover flooded saline water 1725 1818 1855 1922 1966
30 Shrub or herbaceous cover flooded fresh/saline/brakish water 581 583 591 620 668
31 Urban areas 1064 1204 1572 2169 3413
32 Bare areas 185 184 184 185 185
33 Consolidated bare areas 1 1 1 1 1
34 Unconsolidated bare areas 1 1 1 1 1
35 Water bodies 6795 6841 6811 6731 6750
36 Permanent snow and ice 0 0 0 0 0
Sum 328184 328184 328184 328184 328184
Source: ESA Climate Change Initiative
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